Inspiration of artificial insemination on company animal – a review of old memory in 2008-2009
It is really not that far away from today, only around 7 years, the biggest difference is now today I am a purebred cat breeder, and 2008 we were still thinking of being a breeder. (I need to remember when it is by checking when the proposal of the English Bulldog standard changes and my G1 PawPeds course, as these experience falls in these 2 events’ period).
During that period, we had a client who ran a dog kennel breeding English Bulldog (and other 2 breeds) with around 40 residence dogs. We know this client via a veterinarian who co-operated with, we build website and provide other web service which the kennel’s owner look for.
Since we love animals, we are more than happy to visit the kennel very frequently, also the dog breeder knew that we had intension to become a breeder, they were more happy to tell us more about their kennel. At that moment we were more like information gathering, and without enough knowledge to digest all of them – from what we were told to what we saw. By time when these memories took out from the drawers, we started to understand and very inoperative to us.
We had never participated the artificial insemination section, we learnt and knew this part from the kennel owner and the vet’s word. It did not sound very comfortable to the animals anyway. May be today has improved – we have no idea.
The litters are fresh sperm insemination, the mothers are mix of hosting and residence dog, the father is the kennel residence dog.
These parents dogs are from AI with more than one generation AI history (considered that they are from this kennel, the kennel owned over 7 years history on breeding English Bulldog, which means around 6 – 7 generations were produced, and they had the dogs AI from beginning – that is minimum 1 generation up to 7-10, as we cannot say that ALL English bulldog are from AI, but we can only say that in THIS kennel), the breeder and veterinarian explained to us that due to the English bulldog’s physically is too board and they have difficulty on respirations, thus matting is difficult (impossible) to complete. We do not know how truth it is as we were told from experts, as we never witness this.
We participated 2-3 deliveries and witness many litters raised – all via AI (Artificial insemination) litter.
The delivery: the day was very certain, as the puppies can be delivered via cesarean, the breeder marked the matting date (very easy – as the AI is done in the kennel) and do the calculation, so the date is certain, the explanation given was – again the mother’s physically cannot do it same reason for matting.
The first litter we assisted in cesarean got 10 puppies, 2-3 still alive when they were out from mother’s body, survived only a minute or two, others were still born, at the end none of the puppy survive. We were told that this litter was all dead due to too many puppies and the breeder did a wrong calculation (?) and had the delivery delayed, the puppies swam too long and drunk too much water and no one survived.
The second litter we assisted in cesarean got 5 puppies, all still born, operated too early and not developed, the difference is about 24-48 hours.
Other 4-5 litters we did not assisted got puppies survived (may be we are bad luck carriers…. So those we witness were dead…), we were told that is rather normal in this kennel, not all the litters born successfully, and luckily the mothers are save all the time. (Which means no mother ever dead – unless this is positive).
The breeder had many rooms, each room hosted a mother with her puppies, with a person who take care them – bottle feed the puppies, as the mother give birth via cesarean, painful and dizzy, but this do not last only a day or two when the mother back to conscious, most of the time the bottle feed till the puppies weaning, neither the mother has no milk, not enough milk, do not know how to take care the puppies, and the most important role of the “human nurse” is to make sure the mother does not sit on the puppies and kill them, they are very experienced, but still every year 2-3 puppies dead for this reason. It was a lot of job to raise a litter. These litters average size is 5-6 puppies. During that period, we saw like 5-6 litters at the same time, so the breeder and family had a month or two without a good sleeping night to take care the puppies and mother.
In short it was a very casual use of AI in this kennel.
Recently the AI in feline become a hot discussion, we pull out all the details we saw and review them from a breeder’s eye – Does AI bring problem to the breed when it become causal use?
The litter size – what we learnt from feline AI is the litter has only 1-2 kittens, and need to outsource (go to university/clinic). In this kennel, they do it in-house, no extra cost and they try to have more puppies in one litter obviously – that is economy effective. From another point of view on selection – as there are more puppies, more choices and chance to select (and now we understand that is only for morphology selection, not for health and breeding).
When we look back, the mothers did not have any sign of delivery from the morning – we arrived in the morning follow the mother till the operation in afternoon, both times had no contraction, we saw they laid down and breath with panting (not sure is that due to hot weather as well, as that was summer time).
Especially the first litter we assisted with 10 puppies. It was not because the tummy was too packed with puppies, but it was too late to take the puppies out. She had no contraction at all; no sign of she was ready/wanted to deliver (after we had our own litters we knew the signs). When we review it in cat, we know that each litter has a slightly different pregnancy period, each cat is different, I believe this valid for all animals, if the mother was unable to give any sign of delivery (even we were told that they physically could not deliver alone due to the respiration problem) yet broken water, plug, contraction all these important signs were missed – which to us these are very natural and part of basic mother instinct. The breeder can only do calculation to operate the mother – which now we may understand these signs are missed in ALL mothers, not only one or two, but none of them give sign, and by that breeder’s experience, the only way to know is by knowing the mating date and operate the mother at the “right” date, just like gambling. One may get an entire litter or lost the entire litter in this case, as the mother did not know when to deliver.
No milk, do not care the offspring, it happens often, since not every cat/dogs are good mother/father (this valid also to human). It was commonly seen in this kennel, one out of 5-6 mothers care her offspring, could it due to AI? The mother actually did not know what had happened, after several generations of AI, the breeder could not tell which line give good mother as well. Thus the selection could not base on ferity and good mother (with milk, care offspring). The mother instinct also lost via AI? All these I cannot give an answer, and no study to prove it, cause no one ever do the study on this part, I could not find any document exist on Internet.
I can tell you the fact on what we witness and experience, and what these have inspired me to think.